If it is diagnosed and addressed, glaucoma is a disease that is treatable. When left untreated, glaucoma can cause irreversible damage to your optic nerves, vision loss, and even blindness. Our Las Vegas eye doctor, Shannon Chandler, O.D., wants you to be aware of the causes, symptoms, and diagnostic methods so that you can be prepared. As with most health problems, early detection is associated with the best outcomes. This is just another good reason to come in once every year for a comprehensive eye exam. In addition to screening you for glaucoma, Dr. Chandler will also examine your eyes for other common eye diseases and conditions such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and cataracts. Many times, these eye problems – including glaucoma – can be present without any obvious symptoms.
The cause of glaucoma is an imbalance between the production of fluid in your eyes and the level of drainage of that fluid. Under normal circumstances, your eyes produce fluid that circulates and then drains. If that drainage is slowed or blocked, the fluid can build up and cause a dangerous increase in your internal eye pressure. It is that excessive pressure that usually causes glaucoma. While most cases of glaucoma typically evolve due to increases in intraocular pressure, even people with normal eye pressure can develop glaucoma. Glaucoma generally affects both eyes, though not necessarily equally. It is possible for one eye to have a greater degree of pressure or damage to the vision than the other. Although you may have no symptoms, particularly early on, our Las Vegas eye doctor wants you to be aware of how important it is to be screened for glaucoma.
Tonometry, which measures your internal eye pressure, is the first diagnostic procedure used to test for glaucoma. A visual field test to check peripheral sight, a visual acuity test, and an slit lamp examination are also used when testing for glaucoma. To learn more about glaucoma, be sure to visit our website or contact Dr. Chandler for an appointment. Call us today to schedule an eye exam with our Las Vegas eye doctor.